Sioux Falls is the largest city in South Dakota, with an estimated 2019 population of 184,000,[72] and a metropolitan area population of 227,171. … During this period, the Black Hills, which had been pushed up to an elevation of around 15,000 feet (4,500 m), lost around 6,000 feet (1,800 m) worth of rock layers due to erosion. Spearfish, South Dakota Main St, Spearfish, SD, USA Spearfish High School 1409 Gateway Ct Clark Lane 103 Clark Ln Spearfish / Black Hills Koa 1755 Iron Horse Loop 2407 Chokecherry Circle 2111 Blue Stem Blvd North Spearfish 1450 Kerwin Ln 3020 Hillsview Rd 3343 Fox Chase Ln 19928 Tom Court Spearfish, SD, USA North Lawrence 19926 Gobbler Rd 19926 Gobbler Rd 1210 N Rainbow Rd [40] The wild turkey is another large bird found in many areas of the state. Below is a table of each state’s average height for men and women. This calculation is based on the health department’s Monday listing of 11,061 active cases. [63], The five largest ancestry groups in South Dakota are: German (40.7%), Norwegian (15.3%), Irish (10.4%), Native American (8.3%), and English (7.1%). It shows elevation trends across the state. Geologic formations in South Dakota range in age from two billion-year-old Precambrian granite in the Black Hills to glacial till deposited over the last few million years. Adult Crimes Breakdown. Hailstorms, blizzards, and thunderstorms rush across the prairie, which has little shelter for plants or animals. [23] The thickness of the glacial till layer ranges between 100 and 900 feet (30 and 270 m). It is usually considered to be in the Midwestern region of the country. The total area in South Dakota … Compare the Cost of Living in Rapid City, South Dakota against another US Cities and States. The lowest point on land in the U.S. is Badwater in Death Valley at 282 feet below sea level. Belle Fourche. Utah On the Northern Section of the state is the Uinta mountains with Kings Peak as the highest summit at 13,528 feet (4,123 meters). Detailed crime rates and statistics information from cities within South Dakota. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado 5.6 miles away from the Blackhawk place center injured 20 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages. [69] According to 2007 census estimates, the three most populous counties in the state, Minnehaha, Pennington, and Lincoln, were home to 38.8% of South Dakotans,[70] while in 1910, those counties held only 9.3% of the population.[71]. [10], South Dakota can generally be divided into three regions: eastern South Dakota, western South Dakota, and the Black Hills. Layers deposited during the Pleistocene epoch, starting around two million years ago, cover most of eastern South Dakota. Clear Lake weather averages and climate Clear Lake, South Dakota. Smaller sub-regions in the state include the Coteau des Prairies, Coteau du Missouri, James River Valley, the Dissected Till Plains. [47], South Dakota contains several sites that are protected by the National Park Service. Porcupine grass, needlegrass, western wheatgrass and prairie June grass are the predominant grasses, while the lead plant and prairie rose are the most common shrubs. July High: 85.2° 85.8° Avg. [5], South Dakota's varied geography is inhabited by many species of birds. Population in households in South Dakota ; Total Population: 780,130; Male Population: 388,944; Under 5 years: 30,115; 5 to 9 years: 28,161; 10 to 14 years: South Dakota Topographic Map: This is a generalized topographic map of South Dakota. U.S. routes 12, 14, 16, 18, and 212 travel east and west, while U.S. routes 81, 83, 85 and 281 run north and south. Precipitation is rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. Hot Springs averages 30 inches of snow per year. Smaller geographic regions of this area include the Coteau des Prairies, the Dissected Till Plains, and the James River Valley. The highest point in the U.S. is Denali at 20,320 feet above sea level. [65], Rural areas in South Dakota are experiencing a trend of falling populations, despite an overall increase in population. [56] In addition to the National Park Service, the United States Forest Service manages several areas in the state. Of the ten largest cities in the state, Rapid City is the only one located west of the Missouri River. You’ll Want To Plan Your Visit To The Highest Town In South Dakota As Soon As Possible. Higher resolution maps like these and many other digital maps, wall maps, custom radius maps, travel maps, travel guides, map software, and globes and games, for business and the classroom, are available to purchase from Maps.com - The World's Largest Maps Store!. [60] Other notable parks in the state include Bear Butte State Park near Sturgis and Lewis and Clark State Recreation Area near Yankton. However, because the population in many rural areas has decreased over the last 50 years, and many cities in the state have grown at a rapid pace; the population has become more concentrated and less rural than it once was. Missouri River, Sully County, South Dakota, 64072, United States of America (44.60421 -100.63558) Coordinates: 38.53487 -112.01534 48.14971 -90.11771 - Minimum elevation: 216 ft - Maximum elevation: 13,980 ft - Average elevation: 3,009 ft. Adult Received and Released Inmates. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Dams on the Missouri River create four large reservoirs: Lake Oahe, Lake Sharpe, Lake Francis Case, and Lewis and Clark Lake. The effect of rural flight has not been spread evenly through South Dakota, however. South Dakota topographic maps. [25], The vast majority of South Dakota's natural lakes are located in the eastern half of the state, and most are the product of the most recent ice age. Detailed topographic maps and aerial photos of South Dakota are available in the Geology.com store. Before modern agriculture, the tall grass prairies had large numbers of big bluestem, little bluestem, Indian grass, switchgrass, sand dropseed, and other tall grasses. Five chairlifts, including three high-speed quads, serve … Irene, Yankton County, South Dakota, United States of America (43.08305-97.16061) Coordinates: 43.07950 -97.16389 43.08992 -97.15187 - Minimum elevation: 394 m - Maximum elevation: 470 m - Average elevation: 432 m It is located on the eastern edge of the Black Hills in western South Dakota, and was founded in 1876. Its five-year population average stands at 6,969 The University of South Dakota makes the little town more lively with the local community events they put on! [12] Numerous glacial lakes cover the Coteau, and it is largely drained by the Big Sioux River, a tributary of the Missouri. Although the plains of the watershed have extremely little local vertical relief, the land rises about 10 feet per mile (1.9 m/km) from east to west. In open, uncultivated areas of the plains, grasses such as buffalograss, western wheatgrass, switchgrass, big bluestem and little bluestem thrive. The highest point in South Dakota, Black Elk Peak (formerly named Harney Peak) is 7,242 ft or 2,207 m above sea level and is in the Black Hills. South Dakota. The US average is 205 sunny days. The US average is 205 sunny days. According to the Census ACS 1-year survey, the median household income for South Dakota was $59,533 in 2019, the latest figures available.Compared to the median US household income, South Dakota median household income is $6,179 lower.2020 Census ACS data (including 2020 South Dakota household income numbers) will be released in September of 2021. The Great Plains cover most of the western two-thirds of South Dakota. United States of America > South Dakota. > South Dakota > South Dakota. Much of South Dakota, with the notable exception of the Black Hills, is dominated by a temperate grasslands biome. [11] The Missouri River serves as a somewhat stark boundary in terms of geographic, social and political differences between eastern and western South Dakota, and the geography of the Black Hills differs from its surroundings to such an extent that it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota. These maps also provide topograhical and contour idea in South Dakota,US. This includes the days when cloud covers up to 30% of the sky during daylight hours. [27] Other major natural lakes include Lake Kampeska, Waubay Lake, Lake Madison, Lake Whitewood, and Lake Herman. South Dakota. West of the Missouri River the landscape becomes more rugged and consists of rolling hills, plains, ravines, and steep flat-topped hills called buttes. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of South Dakota grew from 869,666 to 882,235, a 1.45% increase and its median household income declined from $56,521 to $56,274, a -0.437% decrease. There are 440,048 male residents living in South Dakota and 433,232 female residents. [45] Winters are somewhat more stable, although severe weather in the form of blizzards and ice storms can occur during the season. See our state high points map to learn about Harney Peak at 7,242 feet - the highest point in South Dakota.The lowest point is Big Stone Lake at 966 feet. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Many birds have their habitat here: geese, ducks, falcons, hawks, turkey buzzards, owls, sparrows, larks, blackbirds, and more. with mountains that rise from 2,000 to 4,000 feet (600 to 1,200 m) above their bases. [43], South Dakota summers bring frequent thunderstorms which can be severe with high winds, thunder, and hail. [32] Rivers and lakes of the grasslands support populations of walleye, carp, pike, and bass, along with other species. [64] German-Americans are the largest ancestry group in most parts of the state, although there are also large Scandinavian populations in some counties. These layers of sedimentary rock are distinctly visible in the multi-colored rocks and cliffs of Badlands National Park.[18]. Let’s start with the basics: Pierre, SD is located in Hughes County and it has a population of 14,137. South Dakota contains two national forests, Black Hills National Forest and a small section of Custer National Forest,[57] and three national grasslands: Buffalo Gap, Dakota Prairie, and Fort Pierre.[58]. Tornado activity: Newell-area historical tornado activity is significantly below South Dakota state average. [13] This region is the southern section of a large plateau extending into Canada.[14]. At the time, much of western and central South Dakota was again covered by a shallow inland sea. The two maps shown here are digital base and elevation maps of South Dakota. This is a list of United States states by alphabetical state. There are many different grocery options with high-quality customer service. North Dakota; Oregon; South Dakota; Utah; Wyoming; Hawaii has the shortest average height among both men and women. Although other industries have expanded rapidly in recent decades, agricultural production is still very important to the state's economy, especially in rural areas. South Dakota's 125th; Statistics . [31] The prairie rattlesnake is South Dakota's only venomous snake. [66] The growth in these areas has compensated for losses in the rest of the state, and South Dakota's total population continues to increase steadily, albeit at a slower rate than the national average. Terry Peak is set on 450 acres of skiable terrain in the beautiful northern Black Hills of South Dakota. [31] The prairie serves as home to songbirds such as meadowlarks (both the eastern and western varieties), goldfinches, and bluebirds, and the open landscape of the plains also suits many carnivorous birds, such as hawks, falcons, and owls. Bon Homme County, South Dakota, is next with 177.50 confirmed cases per 1,000. [21] In several areas in western South Dakota, tertiary deposits may also be found. River Valleys. [18][19] These form the central core of the Black Hills, but they can also be found in two isolated locations in eastern South Dakota near Milbank and Sioux Falls. Custer State Park in the Black Hills is a large state park with over 71,000 acres, and includes Sylvan Lake, Needles Highway, and a wildlife loop featuring a large bison herd and the "begging burros",[59] among other species. Additionally, the culture, economy, and geography of western South Dakota has more in common with the West than the Midwest. [75] Rapid City's economy is largely based on tourism and defense spending, due to the close proximity of tourist attractions in the Black Hills and Ellsworth Air Force Base. Pierre, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. [18] The state also produces a very limited amount of oil and natural gas. The US average is 28 inches of snow per year. Dashboard. [62] [67], South Dakota is relatively notable for its lack of large urban centers. Average Weather on September 15 in Lead South Dakota, United States. The continental divide separating the drainage basin of Hudson Bay from that of the Gulf of Mexico is situated between these two lakes. Lead (/ ˈ l iː d / LEED) is a city in Lawrence County, South Dakota, United States.The population was 3,124 at the 2010 census.Lead is located in western South Dakota, in the Black Hills near the Wyoming state line. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2010 South Dakota had a population of 814,180. [18] Marine skeletons from this ocean settled to the seafloor and were compacted to form the sedimentary rocks in the area today. presidents. Badlands National Park was created in 1978. Agriculture has historically been a key component of the South Dakota economy. On average, there are 213 sunny days per year in South Dakota. [28], Much of South Dakota, with the notable exception of the Black Hills, is dominated by a temperate grasslands biome. Tornado activity: Madison-area historical tornado activity is above South Dakota state average.It is 68% greater than the overall U.S. average.. On 6/7/1993, a category F4 (max. On average, there are 229 sunny days per year in Hot Springs. More. [16] The Black Hills are rich in minerals such as gold, silver, copper, and lead. Precipitation is irregular and averages 13 inches (330 mm) to 18 inches (460 mm) per year. Two time zones cover South Dakota; the state is split roughly in half between the Central Time Zone (UTC-6) in the east and the Mountain Time Zone (UTC-7) in the west. South Dakota gets some kind of precipitation, on average, 80 days per year. Blackhawk-area historical tornado activity is significantly below South Dakota state average. Hydroelectricity generated from power plants at the dams provides approximately half of the electricity used by South Dakotans. In fact, Lincoln County, near Sioux Falls, is the ninth fastest-growing county (by percentage) in the United States. South Dakotans also at times combine the Black Hills with the rest of western South Dakota, and refer to the two resulting regions, divided by the Missouri, as West River and East River.[2][3]. [73] The city is located in the southeast corner of the state, and was founded in 1856. South Dakota Household Income. South Dakota. The pasque flower is the South Dakota state flower. The Red Valley is home to blue-joint and bluegrasses, and wild plum, Juneberry, and chokecherry shrubs grow in the Hills. South Dakota's early economy relied heavily on the soil, minerals and ecology of the area, as nearly all of the earliest white settlers in the area were farmers, miners, or trappers. Average climate in Newell, South Dakota. The median income in Pierre, SD … This statistic shows the distribution of the population of South Dakota by age group in 2019. Several major U.S. highways pass through the state. Other major South Dakota rivers include the Cheyenne, the James, the Big Sioux, and the White. Hawaii’s population is less than one-third black or white. See what you'll need to earn to keep your current standard of living wherever you choose to work and live. Lead's proximity to Deadwood, often leads to the two cities being collectively named "Lead-Deadwood". Elevation means the height of something above sea level. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 120 °F (48.9 °C) on July 5, 1936 in Gann Valley, and the lowest was −58 °F (−50 °C) on February 17, 1936 in McIntosh. South Dakota is one of the largest producers of ethanol in the nation. [citation needed] Sioux Falls, the largest city in the state, only ranks as the 135th largest in the country,[68] and the state's third-largest city, Aberdeen, has a population of less than 25,000. Coordinates: 43.41578 -103.51297 43.44833 -103.45627 - Minimum elevation: 3,353 ft - Maximum elevation: 4,407 ft - Average elevation: 3,796 ft Lyman County United States of America > South Dakota QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Between 1950 and 1994, 11 people were killed by tornadoes in the state,[46] and the 1972 Black Hills flood tore through central Rapid City, killing 238 people and causing hundreds of millions of dollars in damage. The Homestake Mine, the largest and deepest gold mine in North America, was located in the Black Hills and produced over $1 billion in gold since it started operation in 1876. [30] In open, uncultivated areas of the plains, grasses such as buffalograss, western wheatgrass, switchgrass, big bluestem and little bluestem thrive. There is also volcanic material deposited here that presumably came from the Yellowstone area. This can be attributed to the race factor previously mentioned. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December Tornado activity: Beresford-area historical tornado activity is above South Dakota state average.It is 96% greater than the overall U.S. average.. On 6/7/1965, a category F4 (max. In the table below, the average number of Sunny Days for a city in South Dakota is the total days in a year when the sky is mostly clear. Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations. In 2006, tourism provided an estimated 33,000 jobs in the state and contributed over two billion US$ to the economy of South Dakota.[79]. In 2011, the population of South Dakota was estimated to be 824,082, and the state ranks fifth-lowest in both total population as well as population density in the United States. [5], Plants in the mid and tall grass prairies average about 6 inches (150 mm) with a maximum height of about 1 foot (0.30 m). It is 64% smaller than the overall U.S. average. QuickFacts South Dakota. In 2018, South Dakota had a population of 882k people with a median age of 37.2 and a median household income of $56,274. South Dakota is situated in the north-central United States, and is considered to be a part of the Midwest by the U.S. Census Bureau,[1] although the Great Plains region also covers the state. [9] The boundary between the two zones runs south down the Missouri River until Pierre, at which point the boundary roughly continues due south while the river turns southeast. The tall grass prairies have wild rose and buck bush shrubs, and goldenrod, sunflower, cinquefoil, and milkweed herbs. The South Dakota state tree is the Black Hills spruce. South Dakota has a total of 83,609 miles (134,556 km) of highways, roads, and streets, along with 679 miles (1,093 km) of interstate highways. The Black Hills are in the southwestern part of South Dakota and extend into Wyoming. Severe weather in the state can occasionally turn deadly. [77] Agriculture-related industries such as meat packing and ethanol production also have a considerable economic impact on the state. American Indians, largely Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota (Sioux) are predominant in several counties, mostly in the western part of the state. South Dakota is ranked number 47 out of 56 U.S. States and Territories in terms of highest population. During the summers, the average high temperature throughout the state is often close to 90 °F or 32.2 °C, although it generally cools down to near 60 °F or 15.6 °C at night. In the far northeast of the state, the Red River forms South Dakota’s border with Minnesota. Coordinates: 44.34184 -103.78764 44.36313 -103.73826 - Minimum elevation: 4,504 ft - Maximum elevation: 6,014 ft - Average elevation: 5,348 ft Sanborn County United States > South Dakota Between 2017 and 2018 the population of South Dakota grew from 869,666 to 882,235, a 1.45% increase and its median household income declined from $56,521 to $56,274, a -0.437% decrease. Vines grow widely: the woodbine, bittersweet, and wild grape, which is the pattern for Black Hills gold jewelry. Spearfish, South Dakota - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. [30] The region has plenty of groundwater and, because of common spring floods, does not have many burrowing animals. Overview of the geography of South Dakota, Census Regions and Divisions of the United States, "Review of The Quartzite Border: Surveying and Marking the North Dakota-South Dakota Boundary, 1891- 1892", "Poles of Inaccessibility: A Calculation Algorithm for the Remotest Places on Earth", "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Elevations and Distances in the United States – Elevations of Selected Summits East of the Rocky Mountains", "Geology of South Dakota (Precambrian Formations)", "Geology of South Dakota (Paleozoic Formations)", "Geology of South Dakota (Mesozoic Formations)", "Geology of South Dakota (Tertiary Formations)", "Geology of South Dakota (Pleistocene Deposits)", "A Short Introduction to Terrestrial Biomes", South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Annual Average Number of Tornadoes, 1953–2004", "Tornado Numbers, Deaths, Injuries, and Adjusted Damage 1950 – 1994", "The 1972 Black Hills-Rapid City Flood Revisited", "Frequently Asked Questions (Badlands National Park)", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011", "State Population - Rank, Percent Change, and Population Density", "Population and Population Centers by State – 2000", "States Ranked by American Indian and Alaska Native Population, July 1, 1999", "State and County Quickfacts (South Dakota)", "Table 1: 200 Largest Cities in the United States", "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990", "200 Largest Cities in the United States", "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: 2000–2007", "Annual Estimates of the Population for all Incorporated Places in South Dakota: 2000–2007", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_South_Dakota&oldid=993472568, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 20:05. [15] This is the highest point in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. The state bird, the ring-necked pheasant, has adapted particularly well to the area after being introduced from China,[39] and growing populations of bald eagles are spread throughout the state, especially near the Missouri River. [80] Two major interstates pass through South Dakota: Interstate 90, which runs east and west; and Interstate 29, running north and south in the eastern portion of the state. Longitude: -103.85936 Latitude: 44.4908172 Elevation: 1111m / 3645feet Barometric Pressure: 89KPa State Elevation(ft.)1 Highest point Elevation(ft.)Lowest point Elevation(ft.)Alabama 500 Cheaha Mountain 2,405 Gulf of Mexico Sea levelAlaska 1,900 Mt. [22] These were formed between 66 and 2.5 million years ago from eroded mountains to the west. [34], With the state's highest precipitation, southeastern South Dakota once had 3-foot (0.91 m) to 6-foot (1.8 m)-tall grasses, herbs, and low shrubs. Evening primroses, prairie lilies, blazing star, aster, goldenrod, sunflower, and wild onions are common plants. Historically a very agricultural state, the service and tourism sectors have grown in economic importance in recent years. [52] The park features a highly eroded, brightly colored landscape surrounded by semi-arid grasslands. The well-known attraction features a mountain carved by sculptor Gutzon Borglum to resemble four former U.S. The center of population of South Dakota is located in Buffalo County, in the unincorporated county seat of Gannvalley. South Carolina : 350 : Sassafras Mountain : 3,560 : Atlantic Ocean : Sea level: South Dakota : … Salary.com's Cost of Living Calculator lets you compare the cost of living and salary differentials State to State or over 300+ US cities. South Dakota is a state located in the north-central United States. South Dakota: 7,242 feet: 966 feet: 2,200 feet: 14. [5], Plants in the mid and tall grass prairies grow 1 foot (0.30 m) to 3 feet (0.91 m) tall. Winters are cold with January high temperatures averaging below freezing and low temperatures averaging below 10 °F (−12.2 °C) in most of the state, although especially in the west winter temperatures are extremely variable and chinook winds will raise temperatures above 50 °F or 10 °C several times during most winters. South Dakota, the 17th largest state in the nation, covers so much area that it has several different geographic areas, each with its own weather pattern. Adult Inmates by Race/Ethnicity. Hill City, Pennington County, South Dakota, 57745, USA (43.93249-103.57519). [53] Wind Cave National Park, established in 1903 in the Black Hills, contains an extensive cave network as well as a large herd of bison. Prairie clover and goldenrod are herbs in this region; the pineapple flower and pasque flower are seasonal flowers. [54] Mount Rushmore National Memorial in the Black Hills was established in 1925. Current Resident: Vermillion, South Dakota is a beautiful little community filled with kind-hearted people. The culture, economy, and geography of western South Dakota have more in common with the West than the Midwest. Eastern South Dakota is lower in elevation and higher in precipitation than the western part of the state, and the Black Hills are a low, isolated mountain group in the southwestern corner of the state. The Dissected Till Plains, an area of rolling hills and fertile soil that covers much of Iowa and Nebraska, also extends into the southeastern corner of South Dakota. United States of America > South Dakota Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Pennington County, South Dakota, United States of America ( 43.88087 -103.45382 ) Coordinates : 43.86803 -103.46857 43.89233 -103.42916 - Minimum elevation : 1,323 m - Maximum elevation : 1,833 m - Average elevation : Although grasses and crops cover most of this region, deciduous trees such as cottonwoods, elms, and willows are common near rivers and in shelter belts. Adult Crimes Graphs. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Hamlin County, SD grew from 5,911 to 6,000, a 1.51% increase and its median household income grew from $61,784 to … [41] The numerous lakes and wetlands of eastern South Dakota support migratory populations of Canada geese, snow geese, mallards, pelicans, and wood ducks. On 5/11/1991 , a category F3 ( max. Many of these sediments ended up in the same area as the marine deposits from the inland sea, and both contribute to western South Dakota's present-day geological makeup. The Coteau des Prairies is a higher region bordered on the east by the Minnesota River Valley and on the west by the James River Basin. [2][3] The state has a total land area of 77,116 sq. South Dakota topographic maps. Nevertheless, many animals make their home here: among them, grey wolf, coyote, antelope, jackrabbit, kit fox, and bison. Map. Pheasants, ducks, geese, sparrows, hawks, owls, and larks are the common birds, while bull snakes and blue racers have replaced the prairie rattler as the most common reptiles. The elevation is less than 500 feet (150 m) at the eastern border of the watershed, but is over 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level in many places at the base of the Rockies. This is 85.2% below the national average of 5,763,868 people. [5], Due to higher elevation and precipitation, the ecology of the Black Hills differs significantly from that of the plains. South Dakota, South Dakota: United States Rainfall: 22.6 in. [18] This till is also what makes agriculture more prevalent in eastern South Dakota as it is extremely fertile. miles (15,500 km2.) McKinley 20,320 Pacific Ocean Sea levelArizona 4,100 Humphreys Peak 12,633 Colorado River 70Arkansas 650 Magazine Mountain 2,753 Ouachita River 55California 2,900 Mt. It shows elevation trends across the state. This region is a transition zone between the tall grasses to the southeast and the mid and short grasses to the west. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles (199,730 km ), making the state the 17th largest in the Union. There are 11 people per square mile aka population density. The state can generally be divided into three geographic regions: eastern South Dakota, western South Dakota, and the Black Hills. Although most rural counties and small towns have lost population, the Sioux Falls area and the Black Hills have gained population. Short grasses live in well-drained regions and mid grasses are in lowlands. Mammals in this area include bison, deer, pronghorn, coyotes, beavers, and prairie dogs, while reptiles A number of areas under the protection of the federal or state government, such as Badlands National Park, Wind Cave National Park, and Custer State Park, are located in the state. All States and counties, and was founded in 1876 an elevation 5,315! Up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map and lead, bobwhite, and is... Levels at over 1000 observation wells across the state and Big Sioux, and thunderstorms rush across the rattlesnake. That presumably came from the 2010 Census, aster, goldenrod, sunflower, cinquefoil and! Western part of South Dakota topographic map: this is a transition zone between the River... To 180 m ) above the Plains are part of the country historically... Than one-third Black or white which are located at Sioux Falls, with a population of South transportation. 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